Investment policy remains ‘risk-on’

Weekly Investment View – 9 July 2017

Investment policy remains ‘risk-on’
The S&P 500 index was steady last week, up 0.12%, at 2,425.18, hovering 1.2% below the record all-time close of the 19th June, and is up by 9.1% for the year-to-date, led by Information Technology. So far, this is a vindication of our ‘risk-on’ strategy recommended in the Global Investment Outlook 2017. Emerging Market equities have done even better, with the MSCI Emerging Markets index up by 17.7%. The Barclays Aggregate Bond Index is only up 1.9%, year-to-date. Importantly last week, US June non-farm payrolls increased by 222,000, compared to a revised 152,000 for May, and vs. expectations of 178,000. Wage growth continued to be slightly disappointing. The renewed discussion of the previous week regarding when central banks as a group might begin to reverse their QE programs and normalize interest rates continued, and concerns regarding this increased. The downside in global bonds triggered the previous week by remarks from Mr Draghi, ECB President, continued last week, once again led by German Bunds, which reacted badly to a weak French debt auction, and US Treasuries followed. The large up-move in the 10-year Bund yield to just under the 0.50% level at the end of the previous week had arguably resulted in a very oversold condition for Bunds, after which one might have expected some respite. However, the Bund yield closed even higher, at 0.5730%, up another 10 basis points, partly due to consideration of the ECB’s June meeting minutes, which confirmed a willingness to consider slowing its rate of bond purchases sooner than earlier expected. The yield on US 10-year Treasuries also rose by 10 basis points, to just under 2.39%. In 2017 the spread of the 10-year US Treasury yield over the 10-year Bund yield has narrowed from 2.22% at year-end to 1.83% currently, probably mainly a function of the improving relative growth outlook in the Eurozone vs. the US, and now the realization that the ECB will ‘taper’ sooner after all. All that said, though, and - as our fixed income colleagues in Asset Management have said - the lack of inflation, despite reasonable growth, is likely to contain the upward move in yields for the time being.

“Nervousness in bonds has not de-railed equities”
Elsewhere in the equity markets, these also moved narrowly last week, with the Europe STOXX 600 index ahead by 0.24% last week, and Japan’s Topix was 0.30% lower, despite a good Tankan manufacturers survey. Chinese equities were broadly unchanged. Overall, nervousness in bond markets has not rattled global equity markets, and our ‘risk on’ stance remains unchanged after last week’s Asset Allocation Committee meeting, which left investment policy unchanged. Turning to foreign exchange markets, the dollar was 0.33% firmer in terms of its index (at 96.008), with the euro/dollar pair closing on its 1.1400 resistance level. As difficult to gauge as ever, the dollar/yen closed at a two-month high of ¥113.92. The Bank of Japan (BoJ) stands alone amongst major central banks with monetary accommodation in place, not in any way indicating that they intend to reverse it anytime soon. Japanese bond yields had been dragged upwards slightly during last week’s bond moves, but the BoJ stepped in with a general bid at 0.11% to cap it in their own market. In oil, WTI reversed to the downside, closing $1.81 lower (at $44.23) over the week, after a run of nine up-days; with participants for instance concerned that Thomson Reuters Oil Research showed OPEC’s exports in June rose to 25.92 million barrels/day, an estimated increase of 450,000 bpd from May. Lastly, gold closed $32.7/oz (or 2.6%) lower over the week, more reflecting the firming in rates and a technical breakdown in silver, than stabilization in the US dollar. There is even talk in the markets that bitcoin should be viewed as an increasingly serious competitor to the yellow metal, needless to say a view that we cannot agree with.

“The US suffers from a skills shortage – so wage gains are stifled”
The gloss was partially removed from the good headline US non-farm payrolls number by the fact that wage growth continued to disappoint, with earnings up 0.2% month-on-month, or 2.5% year-on-year. Commentators continue to look for seemingly low unemployment (which although slightly higher last month, at 4.4%, remains close to a 16-year low) to provoke better wage growth. The headline 222,000 job gains were 47,000 more than reported in the previous two months, a good number, driven by good gains in healthcare, government, restaurants and professional & business services sectors, according to the Labor Department. A US unemployment rate of about 4.7% appears to be what the Federal Reserve considers to be ‘full employment’, and in the old fashioned ‘Phillips Curve’ sense economists still expect low unemployment to put upward pressure on wages, which would in turn bring about inflationary pressures. For some time we have placed more emphasis on the looser definitions of the percentage of workers employed, such that we believe a figure of 4.4% considerably understates it; in all probability a high percentage of the jobs being created are low-salary jobs, as well as employers suffering from a skill shortage – they would like to fill higher-salary vacancies, but cannot find sufficient candidates.

“We expect a pickup in US economic performance”
In other US economic data, the Institute of Supply Management (ISM) said its index of manufacturing activity rose to its highest level in almost three years, with a reading of 57.8 for June, up from 54.9 in May, and more importantly vs. market expectations of 55.2. While a good number, it should be remembered that manufacturing only accounts for about 12% of US GDP. So we were much more excited to see that the ISM Services index (services are about 75% of the economy) increased to 57.4 in June, compared to 56.9 in May, and vs. expectations for a fall to 56.4, according to Thomson Reuters. This was broadly confirmed by IHS Markit’s services sector activity index, which rose to 54.2 last month, from 53.6 in May. Following the ISM data the Atlanta Federal Reserve is reported to have raised its forecast for US second-quarter GDP to 3.0% annualized, from 2.7%. Accordingly, it looks as though the 1.4% rate of GDP growth reported for the first quarter is increasingly likely to have been a low point in growth, and the Citi index of US Economic Surprises could continue to rally from its very low recent level – which ceteris paribus would be good for dollar stability in the immediate months ahead.

“Mario Draghi could be correct about the end of European deflation”
In the Eurozone, retail sales increased by more than expected in May, according to Eurostat, driven by stronger sales of clothes, shoes, and fuel for vehicles; sales rose by 0.4% month-on-month, and by 2.6% year-on-year. In other data, IHS Markit’s Eurozone manufacturing PMI rose to 57.4 in June, up from 57.0 in May, and the highest since April, 2011. This was a very good number. Regarding Eurozone unemployment, this was unchanged at 9.3% in May, still high in absolute terms, although at the lowest level in eight years, again according to Eurostat, who also reported that ‘core’ inflation picked up, to 1.1% year-on-year, from 0.9%. These numbers are all consistent with a better economic performance, yet also reflect the endemic unemployment problem (especially for young people) that exists.

“We are focusing on investment positives – globally, and sector by sector”
INVESTMENT SUMMARY: The G20 Summit in Hamburg ended with what has been described by some as a ‘face-saving’ declaration of unity, papering over the divergence of President Trump’s views on climate change and trade from the residual ‘G19’. The G20 communique noted the decision of the US not to participate in the Paris climate change agreement, and to allow members to take legitimate action in trade disputes. One of the important takeaways from the G20 Summit will surely be that irrespective of the views of Donald Trump, the world will continue to evolve, and without him and the US. In effect (unless we consider the possibilities of Trump resorting to brute force in geopolitical situations), the US has decided to step away from many aspects of global leadership, and at a time when there is no shortage of global leaders willing to fill that void. Without getting overly philosophical, although the US economy remains very important in global terms, this abrogation of responsibility on the part of the US is occurring at a time when the rest of the world is seeing – in many instances – improving growth, and a degree of political stability, excluding specific potential flashpoints. At this point, the world and its leaders are looking increasingly capable of making progress irrespective of whatever paths the US chooses to take, and a policy of ‘containment’ seems likely. Also, economics is taking the baton from blunt politics as a driver of investment markets. New players in investment markets are coming into the frame – such as in China, or India – alongside a degree of improvement in Europe – rather than the markets being totally US-led.

“Information Technology remains an overweight”
The Asset Allocation Committee met last week, and will meet again later this week. It was decided to keep the overweight in Information Technology (longer term investors need the growth inherent in this sector) and to weather any short-term correction. It’s global PE-to-Growth has risen to 1.64 x for 2018, from just 1.11 x last November when we wrote positively about the sector – and the ‘E’ (earnings) have grown usefully due to earnings beats and positive forecast revisions of them. The positive stance in Financials Services was also underlined, which could also benefit further from any swing towards ‘Value’ sectors.

“We expected a correction in equities – but markets continue to climb”
As our readers will be aware, we have been hoping for a 5-8% correction in equities – and this simply hasn’t happened. The negative Trump factors (the overall delay to his initiatives and continued ‘background noise’ related to him) have failed to rattle the markets – and THAT suggests a strength of momentum that has been a factor keeping the AA Committee ‘risk on’ in terms of its investment policy. Meanwhile, other good things are happening: Europe and the EM world are taking greater leadership in terms of their contribution to global GDP growth – and without so far creating the kind of inflation that would be damaging to the present value of future earnings.

For any inquiries related to this article, please contact Alain Marckus or Clint Dove.

Click here to download the article in PDF

Weekly Investment View – 09 July 2017

This report has been prepared and issued by the Global Asset Management (“GAM”) of the National Bank of Abu Dhabi PJSC (“NBAD”) outlining particular services provided by GAM and does not constitute or form part of any offer or invitation to sell, or any solicitation of any offer to purchase or subscribe for, any shares in NBAD or otherwise or a recommendation for a particular person to enter into any transaction or to adopt any strategy nor shall it or any part of it form the basis of or be relied on in connection with any contract therefore. This report was prepared exclusively for the benefit and internal use of NBAD. This report is incomplete without reference to, and should be viewed solely in conjunction with the associated oral briefing provided by GAM. The report is proprie-tary to GAM and may not be disclosed to any third party or used for any other purpose without the prior written consent of GAM. The information in this report reflects prevailing conditions and our views as of this date, which are accordingly subject to change. In preparing this report, we have relied upon and assumed, without independent verification, the accuracy and completeness of all the information available from public sources or which was otherwise reviewed by us. In addition, our analysis are not and do not purport to be appraisals of the assets, stock or business of the recipient. Even when this presentation contains a kind of appraisal, it should be considered preliminary, suitable only for the purpose described herein and not be disclosed or otherwise used without the prior written consent of GAM. NBAD clients may already hold positions in the assets subject to this report and may accordingly benefit from the buying or selling of such assets as referred to in this report. This document does not purport to set out any advice, recommendation or representation on the suitability of any in-vestment, transaction or product (as referred to in this document or otherwise), for potential purchasers. Potential purchasers should determine for themselves the relevance of the information contained in this document and the decision to purchase any investment contained herein should be based on such investigation and analysis as they themselves deem necessary. Before entering into any transaction potential purchasers should ensure that they fully understand the poten-tial risks and rewards of that transaction (including, without limitation, all financial, legal, regulatory, tax and accounting consequences of entering into the transaction and an understanding as to how the transaction will perform under changing conditions) and that they independently determine that the transac-tion is appropriate for them given their objectives, experience, financial and operational resources and other relevant circumstances. Potential purchasers should consider consulting with such advisers and experts as they deem necessary to assist them in making these determinations and should not rely on NBAD for such purposes. NBAD is acting solely in the capacity of a potential arm’s-length contractual counterparty and not as a financial adviser or fiduciary in any transaction unless we have otherwise expressly agreed so to act in writing. NBAD does not provide any accounting, tax, regulatory or legal advice. NBAD is licensed by the Central Bank of the UAE.


NBAD London Branch is Authorized by the Prudential Regulation Authority. Subject to regulation by the Financial Conduct Authority and limited regulation by the Prudential Regulation Authority. Details about the extent of our regulation by the Prudential Regulation Authority are available from NBAD London branch on request. Registered in England & Wales: Company No: FC009142: VAT No: GB245 3301 91.


NBAD Paris Branch is licensed by the French Prudential Control Authority as a credit institution. NBAD Paris is registered in France under the company number: RCS Paris B 314 939 547.


This publication is for your information only and is not intended as an offer, or a solicitation of an offer, to buy or sell any investment or other specific product. Certain services and products are subject to legal restrictions and cannot be offered worldwide on an unrestricted basis and/or may not be eligible for sale to all investors. All information and opinions expressed in this document were obtained from sources believed to be reliable and in good faith, but no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made as to its accuracy or completeness. All information and opinions as well as any prices indicated are currently as of the date of this report, and are subject to change without notice. The analysis contained herein is based on numerous assumptions. Different assumptions could result in materially different results. At any time the National Bank of Abu Dhabi PJSC and/or NBAD Private Bank (Suisse) SA may have a long or short position, or deal as principal or agent, in relevant securities or provide advisory or other services to the issuer of relevant securities or to a company connected with an issu-er. Some investments may not be readily realizable since the market in the securities is illiquid and therefore valuing the investment and identifying the risk to which you are exposed may be difficult to quantify. Futures and options trading is considered risky. Past performance of an investment is no guarantee for its future performance. Some investments may be subject to sudden and large falls in value and on realization you may receive back less than you invested or may be required to pay more. Changes in foreign exchange rates may have an adverse effect on the price, value or income of an investment. National Bank of Abu Dhabi PJSC expressly prohibits the distribution and transfer of this document to third parties for any reason. National Bank of Abu Dhabi PJSC and/or NBAD Private Bank (Suisse) SA will not be liable for any claims or lawsuits from any third parties arising from the use or distribution of this document. This report is for distribution only under such circumstances as may be permitted by applicable law. The “Directives on the Independence of Financial Research”, issued by the Board of Directors of the Swiss Bankers Association (SBA) do not apply.