Middle East & African Monitor – 06 April 2018

  • Oil Dips On Trade Fears – Bahrain Discovery Could Exceed Russia’s Crude Reserves.
  • Saudi Crown Prince Affirms His Country’s Commitment To Vision 2030.
  • Buhari Explains Why Nigeria Has Not Signed EPA Agreement.
  • No Plans To Adjust USD/OMR Peg – CB Governor.
  • Sudan To Conduct Its Debut US$ Islamic Bond This Year.
  • France Pledges EUR550 Mio In Financial Support For Lebanon.
  • US State Department Approves US$1.3 bio Arms Sale To KSA.
  • Anton & Petrofac Win Iraq Contract.
  • ISDB Launches ‘Innovation’ Fund.
  • Egyptian PMI Index Slips. 


Oil Dips On Trade Fears – Bahrain Discovery Could Exceed Russia’s Crude Reserves.
Oil prices edged back from their recent highs yesterday due primarily to concerns over a potential trade war between China and the US that could in turn negatively affect global economic growth. Whilst such an outcome still seems unlikely, these fears gathered some momentum overnight after President Trump threatened to introduce a further US$100 bio in tariffs on Beijing. In reaction the US National Retail Federation has warned the White House against such extreme action saying in a statement; “We urge the administration to change course and stop playing a game of chicken with the nation’s economy.” Meanwhile the Bahrain Oil Minister’s confirmation on Wednesday, that the recent oil and gas discovery off his country’s west coast could contain more than 80 billion barrels of tight crude (equal to Russia’s entire reserves) and 14 trillion cubic feet of gas, was certainly a major event for the Kingdom and global energy markets, although it still needs to be ascertained how much of this will be recoverable. The shale oil is reportedly lying at reasonably deep levels, and thus two appraisal wells are set to be dug soon in order to more accurately analyze the field’s actual and cost-effective yields.

Saudi Crown Prince Affirms His Country’s Commitment To Vision 2030.
Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince, Mohammed Bin Salman, has been quoted on the Saudi Gazette’s website, confirming his government’s commitment to executing it’s national transformation plans; “We are now in the third Saudi Arabia which was established by King Abdul Aziz, also known as Ibn Saud, my grandfather. King Faisal came with a really great young team, and among his team were King Khaled, King Fahd, King Abdullah, King Salman, Prince Sultan, Prince Naif, and many other people. And they’ve transformed the country from mud houses to world standard modern cities. But for us as a young generation, we’ve not seen this, because we were born in that great modern city, we lived in an economy that is already among the top 20 economies of the world, and our eyes are focusing on what we are missing, what we can’t do, and we believe that Saudi Arabia until today used only 10% of its capacity, and we have 90% to go. We spend US$230 billion a year outside Saudi Arabia, if we do nothing, it will go up in 2030 to between US$300-400 billion. The plan is to spend half of it in Saudi Arabia and we have many programs to do this. We have privatization, at the top of the pyramid we have the IPO of Aramco, pushing this money, pushing other government assets, pushing other assets, and other cash reserves into the Public Investment Fund, and pushing it to be the biggest fund in the whole world, above US$2 trillion. Two years ago, the size of Public Investment Fund was US$150 billion, today it’s US$300 billion. At the end of 2018 it will be around US$400 billion, in 2020, it will be something between US$600-700 billion, and in 2030 it will be above US$2 trillion. We will invest half of this money to empower Saudi Arabia, and the other 50% we will invest abroad to be sure that we are part of the emerging sectors around the world,” he reportedly stated during a wide-ranging Time magazine interview. You can read more on this story here.

Buhari Explains Why Nigeria Has Not Signed EPA Agreement.
Nigeria’s President Buhari believes that his country is not yet ready to sign the ‘Economic Partnership Agreement’ (which gradually lifts trade restrictions between ECOWAS countries and the EU), because its local businesses still needed protection. “We are not enthusiastic about signing the EPA because of our largely youthful population, we are still struggling to provide jobs for them, and we want our youths to be kept busy. Presently, our industries cannot compete with the more efficient and highly technology-driven industries in Europe, we have to protect our industries and our youths,” he was quoted as saying by Nigeria’s ’Punch’ news outlet.  Nigeria also recently declined to sign-up to the ‘African Continental Free-Trade Area’ accord, despite forty-four other nations agreeing to join AFCFTA  last month, a plan which will hopefully lead to the establishment of the world’s largest free-trade zone and significantly boost inter-African trade.

No Plans To Adjust USD/OMR Peg – CB Governor.
Oman has the tools and the will to maintain the local currency’s peg to the US dollar, the country’s Central Bank Governor, Tahir Al Amri, stated earlier this week. “We are strongly behind the peg, we will try and make sure that we have ways and means of defending our fixed exchange-rate policy,” he was quoted as saying by ‘Gulf News’ adding that Oman’s gross FX reserves currently covered over 9 months’ worth of imports, and that the government will be able to source enough funding to cover its external financing needs for 2018/19.

Sudan To Conduct Its Debut US$ Islamic Bond This Year.
Sudan is planning to issue its first international SUKUK in the latter half of this year according to the country’s Finance Minister. “It will be late this year to finance the 2018 budget,”  Mohamed Othman Rukbaki was quoted as saying by Reuters yesterday. Further details on the issuance are yet to be clarified but the size is expected to be up to US$1 bio.

France Pledges EUR550 Mio In Financial Support For Lebanon.
France has promised to provide Lebanon with EUR 500 mio worth of loans and grants in order to support that country’s ailing economy. "France will announce a substantial effort of EUR 400 million in concessionary loans and EUR 150 million in donations to match its ambitions for Lebanon," the French Foreign Minister was quoted as saying by Reuters this morning. 

US State Department Approves US$1.3 bio Arms Sale To KSA.
The US State department has approved the sale of artillery and other related equipment , including self-propelled howitzers, to the Saudi military in a contract estimated to be worth around US$1.3 bio. “This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy and national security of the United States by helping to improve the security of an important partner which has been and continues to be a leading contributor of political stability and economic progress in the Middle East,” the Defense Security Cooperation Agency said in a statement yesterday.

Anton & Petrofac Win Iraq Contract.
China’s Anton Oilfield Services and the UK based Petrofac have been awarded a 2-year contract to operate Iraq’s southern Majnoon oil field.

ISDB Launches ‘Innovation’ Fund.
The Islamic Development Bank has launched a US$500 mio technology-led innovation fund called ‘Transform’ which will focus on helping countries solve their development challenges, especially in the areas of food security, education and green energy. "The ISDB understands that people living in the developing world need more than just grant funding. They need sustainable solutions to help them build their own way out of poverty. Transform will ensure our members have access to a vital flow of facilities to help finance innovative ideas linked to real development solutions," the President of the IDB was quoted as saying during the institution’s annual general meeting yesterday.  

Egyptian PMI Index Slips.
Emirates NBD’s Egyptian purchasing managers index dipped to 49.2 last month from 49.7 in February. On a brighter note inflation in the North African country continues to ease with headline CPI falling to 14.40% in February this year compared to 32.95% y/y in July 2017. 


Did you know the Arabian Gulf’s first oil well was discovered in Bahrain and became operational in 1932?

Glenn Wepener, Executive Director & Geopolitical Analyst Middle East & Africa
First Abu Dhabi Bank
Tel: +971 2 6110 127

To the fullest extent allowed by applicable laws and regulations, National Bank of Abu Dhabi PJSC (the “Bank”) and any other affiliate or subsidiary of the Bank, expressly disclaim all warranties and representations in respect of this communication. The content is confidential and is provided for your information purposes only on an “as is” and “as available” basis and no liability is accepted for or representation is made by the Bank in respect of the quality, completeness or accuracy of the information and the Bank has undertaken no independent verification in relation thereto nor is it under any duty to do so whether prepared in part or in full by the Bank or any third party. Furthermore, the Bank shall be under no obligation to provide you with any change or update in relation to said content. It is not intended for distribution to private investors or private clients and is not intended to be relied upon as advice; whether financial, legal, tax or otherwise. To the extent that you deem necessary to obtain such advice, you should consult with your independent advisors. Any content has been prepared by personnel of the Global Markets division at the Bank and does not reflect the views of the Bank as a whole or other personnel of the Bank.